When a company faces a complex civil action lawsuit in Las Vegas, the outcome could ultimately lead to the success or failure of the business. If there is more than one action, and they occur across multiple districts, the circumstances could lead to a transfer of all the cases to a single district so that the evidence may be consolidated and heard all at once. According to Cornell University Law School’s Legal Information Institute, this has the potential to happen if the disputes share at least one fact, and they require a jury to resolve.
Any party involved in the action could file a motion to initiate the proceedings to transfer the litigation to a single district. There is a panel of judges who review requests for multidistrict litigation, and even if no outside party files a motion, the judicial panel has the authority to determine on its own that the action should be consolidated. It does not need the consent of the parties who are involved.
The LII explains that once the cases have been transferred to a single federal district court, that is where the pretrial proceedings will take place. There, the case could be settled or dismissed, or it could be sent back for trial in the original district court where the action was filed. Multidistrict litigation is most likely to occur when multiple people claim that they have suffered similar outcomes resulting from a single factor, such as a medication with a dangerous side effect or an airplane crash that affected many people on board.